Germany's Oldendorff Carriers ordered Post-Panamax at Jiangsu Eastern Heavy Industry. The owner confirmed its order of a 97,000 deadweight eco Post-Panamax bulk carrier at Jiangsu Eastern Heavy...
The fact that a ship has permanent magnetism does not mean that it cannot also acquire induced magnetism when placed in the earth's magnetic field. The magnetism induced in any given piece of soft iron is a function of the field intensity, the alignment of the soft iron in that field, and the physical properties and dimensions of the iron. This induced magnetism may add to, or subtract from, the permanent magnetism already present in the ship, depending on how the ship is aligned in the magnetic field. The softer the iron, the more readily it will be magnetized by the earth's magnetic field, and the more readily it will give up its magnetism when removed from that field.
The magnetism in the various structures of a ship, which tends to change as a result of cruising, vibration, or aging, but which does not alter immediately so as to be properly termed induced magnetism, is called subpermanent magnetism. This magnetism, at any instant, is part of the ship's permanent magnetism, and consequently must be corrected by permanent magnet correctors. It is the principal cause of deviation changes on a magnetic compass. Subsequent reference to permanent magnetism will refer to the apparent permanent magnetism which includes the existing permanent and subpermanent magnetism.
A ship, then, has a combination of permanent, subpermanent, and induced magnetism. Therefore, the ship's apparent permanent magnetic condition is subject to change from deperming, excessive shocks, welding, and vibration. The ship's induced magnetism will vary with the earth's magnetic field strength and with the alignment of the ship in that field.